The Salmon Faverolle chicken, also known simply as Faverolle, is a breed of domestic chicken that originated in France in the late 19th century. It is named after the village of Faverolles located in the Eure-et-Loir region of France. The breed was developed by crossing several different breeds, including Dorking, Houdan, and Brahma chickens.
Here are some key characteristics and information about Salmon Faverolle chickens:
1. Appearance: Salmon Faverolles are known for their distinctive and striking appearance. They have a medium to large-sized body with a round and compact shape. The most notable feature is their abundant feathering, which covers their legs and feet, making them appear larger and fluffier. They have five toes on each foot, rather than the usual four.
2. Feather Colors: The feathers of Salmon Faverolles come in a range of warm salmon or reddish-brown tones, hence the name "Salmon" Faverolle. The plumage has a soft, fluffy texture, and both males and females have a beard and muffs (feathers that grow around the face).
3. Temperament: Faverolles are known for their calm and docile nature. They are friendly and generally enjoy human interaction, making them suitable for backyard flocks and family-oriented settings. They are often described as gentle birds that can be easily handled.
4. Egg Production: Salmon Faverolles are considered moderate egg layers. They typically lay light brown or cream-colored eggs with a medium to large size. On average, a Faverolle hen can produce around 150-180 eggs per year. However, their egg production can be influenced by factors such as diet, environment, and individual genetics.
5. Broodiness: Faverolles are known to be broody, meaning they have a tendency to go broody and sit on their eggs to hatch them. This broody behavior can make them good candidates for natural incubation and raising chicks.
6. Cold Tolerance: Due to their dense feathering and fluffy appearance, Salmon Faverolles have good cold tolerance and can handle colder climates better than some other chicken breeds. Their feathers provide insulation and help them withstand lower temperatures.
7. Exhibition and Show Qualities: Faverolles are also popular among poultry enthusiasts and exhibitors due to their unique appearance. They are often showcased in poultry exhibitions and shows, where their distinct coloring and feathering make them stand out.
It's worth noting that while the Salmon Faverolle chicken is a recognized breed, individual birds can vary in terms of size, color intensity, and temperament. If you plan to raise Faverolles, it's important to ensure proper care, including appropriate housing, nutrition, and protection from predators.