The California quail is a ground-dwelling bird. And they spend most of their time on the ground, walking and stretching in search of food. They generally forage beneath shrubs or on open ground in morning and evening. Dust bath is one of their daily communal activities. They are highly sociable birds, and they often gather in small flocks known as ‘coveys’.
The California quail is a very beautiful and handsome bird. It is a round soccer ball of bird with a rich gray breast, intricately scaled underparts, and a curious, forward-drooping head plume. The curving crest or plume of these birds is made of six feathers that droops forward (black in males and brown in females; the flanks are
brown with white streaks). The immature birds and females are mainly of grey-brown color with a light-colored belly. While the males have a dark brown cap and a black face with a brown back, a light brown belly and a grey-blue chest. Closest relative of these species is Gambel’s quail which has a more southerly distribution and a longer crest at 6.4 cm, a brighter head and a scalier appearance. The California quails are plump, short-necked game birds with a small head and bill. Their wings are short but very broad with a wingspan between 32 and 37 cm, and the tail is fairly long and square.